Firstly it would better to identify the institutions of the European Union which are considered as the main decision taking bodies such as the European Parliament, European Central Bank, Auditors’ Court as well as the European Council, European Commission and the EU Court of Justice etc. these have been established with the creation of the EU in year 1958. When it comes to consider about the main function of the European council, it is mainly aimed at making the political objectives and the council is the main decision taking body. Then the European Parliament is the main body who puts forward the commission’s proposals while representing the citizens of the EU’s. Further the court of justice in EU is also acting as the highest justice within the membership countries. So together with this European parliament as well as the council of EU and the European Commission may produce an ordinary procedure of legislations which may apply throughout the entire EU. Then the decision making within the EU also align with those procedures of the EU law. Further these are assisted by an Economic and Social Committee as well as the Committee of the Regions performing advisory functions. Here it can be further identified that the Communities Act 1972 is the legitimacy which enables the Government ministers for laying regulations before the Parliament in order to implement the necessary changes like changes of the EU directives and the court justice in the law of UK. Mr. David Cameron as the Prime Minister of UK promised to allow the Britons to decide whether UK must remain in European Union or not. So the majority decision would be accepted and if they prefer to pull out from EU, then the communities act should have to be repealed. Then the UK won’t become European Union’s member furthermore.
Here it can be recognized an EU Directive as a type of legislation which has “directed” over the Member States. So it may set out an objective which requires to be accomplished. Then those Member States should have to pass the required local legislation in order to grant effect of the Directive terms within the agreed time framework which has already set by the directive, normally two years as well. When it comes to concern about the role played by such EU directives, then it is possible to identify that directives are basically helped with free trade enforcement, free competition among the EU enforcement, establishment of the social policies which may effect on the employment, labor law as well as the working conditions and the employee health and the safety etc. therefore it can be identified that those are highly significant for the businesses as they may have an impact on the entire businesses. As instances it can be taken some of the UK directives enacted by the domestic legislation such as working time directive which has implemented the regulations related to the working time, equal pay directive which also implemented the regulations on the equal pay systems, Directive 267/14 which was issued by the European Union for the all members dated on 1st of October 2014. There it has aimed at prohibiting the fire arms exports among the non-membership countries. Further it may due for the renewal dated on 1st of October in year 2015. Furthermore it can be identified that such directives are possible to use to set up some minimum standards in EU which may apply at the national level. However it should have to leave the members free for applying those national measures which won’t be conflicted with the domestic policies on the free market movements as well. As an example it can be taken the directive on waste water which has set minimum standards for water and the sewerage. So here the membership countries can apply higher standards rather than applying minimum requirements of the directive. However in EU directives, it can be identified that the EU law will become a legal force of those directives, when they have adopted and passed even though they have not enacted in the domestic legislation yet.
Here it can be identified that the EU may provide funding for the large projects as well as the programs which may cover the areas of urban development, employment and the social inclusion, agriculture as well as the rural development maritime, researches, innovations, humanitarian aids etc. when it comes to see about the management of those funds, it could be able to identify that those will be managed as per the rigid rules and regulations which may ensure the transparency as well as the accountability over the use of such funds. There the EU Commissioners may have the final responsibility of assuring the usages of funds and their effectiveness of utilization. However it may give the responsibility for the national governments for conducting the annual audits and checking since the majority of funding has managed among the beneficiary countries itself. Therefore it can be further identified that more than 76% from the EU budget has managed with the partnership of national as well as the regional authorities via the system of “shared management”, through large five structural and investment Funds such as European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) (funding with the regional development as well as the urban development), then the European Social Fund (ESF) which may provide funding on the areas of social inclusion as well as the good governance. The next one is the Cohesion Fund (CF) which may provide funding for the economic convergence within the regions which are less developed. The other one is the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) which may provide funding on agriculture and rural development and the European Maritime & Fisheries Fund (EMFF) will provide funding on the maritime and fishers as well. Then the other funds which are the grants will be managed by the EU directly through the public announcements named as “call for proposals”. However the contracts will be issued by the EU institutions in order to buy goods and services as well as the required works for the operations such as studies as well as training and conferences etc. so such Contracts may be awarded via the tender calls itself.